Bibliographie sur les Scripts, TCS et FpC

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Abouzeid, E., & Sallam, M. A. (2022). Teaching by concordance: Individual versus team-based performance. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 1-11.

Arisudhana, G. A. B. (2022). The effects of illness script method on clinical reasoning of undergraduate nursing students: A quasi-experimental study. Jurnal Ners17(1).

Brentnall, J., Thackray, D., & Judd, B. (2022). Evaluating the Clinical Reasoning of Student Health Professionals in Placement and Simulation Settings: A Systematic Review. International journal of environmental research and public health19(2), 936.

Chantal, L., Driss, K., Robert, G., Bernard, C., & Nicolas, F. (2022). Learning-by-Concordance of Perception: A Novel way to Learn to Read Thoracic Images. Academic Radiology.

Charlin, B., & Fernandez, N. (2022). Former et évaluer par concordance: des modalités éducatives complémentaires. Pédagogie Médicale.

Connor, D. M., Narayana, S., & Dhaliwal, G. (2022). A clinical reasoning curriculum for medical students: an interim analysis. Diagnosis.

Cook, D. A., Stephenson, C. R., Gruppen, L. D., & Durning, S. J. (2022). Management reasoning scripts: Qualitative exploration using simulated physician-patient encounters. Perspectives on Medical Education, 1-11.

El Hussein, M. T., Olfert, M., & Blayney, S. (2022). Assessment Strategies Used by Nurse Educators To Evaluate Critical Thinking, Clinical Judgment or Clinical Reasoning In Undergraduate Nursing Students In Clinical Settings: A Scoping Review of The Literature. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice.

Gómez, C. I., Sequeros, O. G., & Martínez, D. S. (2022). Clinical reasoning evaluation using script concordance test in primary care residents. Anales de Pediatría (English Edition).

Gordon, D., Rencic, J. J., Lang, V. J., Thomas, A., Young, M., & Durning, S. J. (2022). Advancing the assessment of clinical reasoning across the health professions: Definitional and methodologic recommendations. Perspectives on Medical Education, 1-7.

Hofmann, D. W., Welch Bacon, C. E., Rivera, M. J., & Eberman, L. E. (2022). Athletic Training Residency Program Development and Assessment of Advanced Clinical Reasoning. Athletic Training Education Journal17(1), 96-105.

Jackson, J., Williams, D., Wolfe, R., & Manthey, D. (2022). Diagnostic Reasoning, Deconstructed: A Teachable Framework for Novices. Academic Medicine97(6), 933.

Kirk-Sanchez, N. J., Moore, J. G., Hartley, G. W., & Wong, M. (2022). The Use of Movement Scripts for Clinical Reasoning in Physical Therapist Education and Practice. Physical Therapy102(7), pzac061.

Kün-Darbois, J. D., Annweiler, C., Lerolle, N., & Lebdai, S. (2022). Script concordance test acceptability and utility for assessing medical students’ clinical reasoning: a user’s survey and an institutional prospective evaluation of students’ scores. BMC medical education22(1), 1-11.

Nafea, E. T. (2022). Does Self-Efficacy Affect Clinical Reasoning in Dental Students?. International Dental Journal.

Patel, R. (2022). General practice trainees’ learning experiences of formative think-aloud script concordance testing. Education for Primary Care, 1-8.

Radovic, M., Petrovic, N., & Tosic, M. (2022). An Ontology-Driven Learning Assessment Using the Script Concordance Test. Applied Sciences12(3), 1472.

Rybalov, A., & Zislin, J. M. Multifactorital analysis of diagnostic behavior in psychiatry.

Sailer, M., Bauer, E., Hofmann, R., Kiesewetter, J., Glas, J., Gurevych, I., & Fischer, F. (2022). Adaptive feedback from artificial neural networks facilitates pre-service teachers’ diagnostic reasoning in simulation-based learning. Learning and Instruction, 101620.

Schurmans, L., De Coninck, D., Schoenmakers, B., de Winter, P., & Toelen, J. (2022). Both Medical and Context Elements Influence the Decision-Making Processes of Pediatricians. Children9(3), 403.

Shaughnessy, A. F., & Erlich, D. R. (2022). The science of education: using learning theory to solve teaching problems in medical education. Education for Primary Care, 1-5.

Si, J. (2022). Strategies for developing pre-clinical medical students’ clinical reasoning based on illness script formation: a systematic review. Korean Journal of Medical Education34(1), 49.

Tweed, M. J. (2022). Assessing decision self-monitoring using item response certainty and safeness (Doctoral dissertation, University of Otago).

Yilmaz, R., Winkler-Schwartz, A., Mirchi, N., Reich, A., Christie, S., Tran, D. H., … & Del Maestro, R. (2022). Continuous monitoring of surgical bimanual expertise using deep neural networks in virtual reality simulation. NPJ digital medicine5(1), 1-9.


Ataman, R., & Ibey, R. J. (2021). Applying Clinical Reasoning Theories to Kinesiology: Advancing the Education of Future Healthcare Professionals. International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education, 1-14.

Bryant, G. A., Dy-Boarman, E. A., Herring, M. S., & Witry, M. J. (2021). Use of a script concordance test to evaluate the impact of a targeted educational strategy on clinical reasoning in advanced pharmacy practice experiential students. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.

Burt, L., Finnegan, L., Schwartz, A., Corte, C., Quinn, L., Clark, L., & Corbridge, S. (2021). Diagnostic reasoning: relationships among expertise, accuracy, and ways that nurse practitioner students self-explain. Diagnosis.

Charton, L., Hernandez, E., & Lorenzo, M. Apports d’une méthode de formation par concordance mixte à l’apprentissage de la lecture des électrocardiogrammes.

D’Eon, M. (2021). Some of the best articles of our first 10 years (and perhaps some of the best of the next decade). Canadian Medical Education Journal12(1), e1.

Deschênes, M.-F. (2021, mai, 6). Enseigner en ligne en exploitant le questionnement par concordance. ProfWeb, article.

Deschênes, M.-F. et Goudreau, J. (2021). Script concordance testing and the think-aloud method to understand the hypothesis processes. Multiple case study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 11(6), 73-84

Deschênes, M. F., Létourneau, D., & Goudreau, J. (2021). Script Concordance Approach in Nursing Education. Nurse Educator46(5), E103-E107.

Fischer, M., Schijven, M. P., Kennedy, K. M., Durning, S., & Kropmans, T. J. (2021). Evaluation of Consecutive Guided Training to Improve Interrater Agreement in Identifying Elements of Situation Awareness in Objective Structured Clinical Examination Assessments. MedEdPublish10.

Frankenthal, H., Ben Shlomo, I., Kurzweil Segev, Y., Bubil, I., Orkin, D., & Kobo Greenhut, A. (2021). Perceived reliability of medical device alarms—a major determinant of medical errors driven by frozen medical thinking. International Journal for Quality in Health Care34(1), mzac009.

Gaudin, M., Tanguy, G., Plagne, M., Saussac, A., Hansmann, Y., Jaulhac, B., … & Lesens, O. (2021). E-learning versus face-to-face training: comparison of two learning methods for Lyme borreliosis. Infectious Diseases Now.

Gawad, N., Wood, T. J., Malvea, A., Cowley, L., & Raiche, I. (2021). The Impact of Surgeon Experience on Script Concordance Test Scoring. Journal of Surgical Research265, 265-271.

Ghoumid, J., Smol, T., Sige, J., Boussion, S., Brunelle, P., Guyart, S., … & Sibert, L. (2021). Le test de concordance de script à l’heure de la réforme du second cycle des études médicales en France: étude pilote en génétique médicale. Pédagogie Médicale22(2).

Gómez, C. I., Sequeros, O. G., Brugada, G. S., Padilla, M., & Martinez, D. S. Usefulness of SCT in detecting clinical reasoning deficits among paediatric professionals. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, 101340.

Guillou, P., Pelaccia, T., Bacqué, M. F., & Lorenzo, M. (2021). Does burnout affect clinical reasoning? An observational study among residents in general practice. BMC Medical Education21(1), 1-7.

Ivry Zagury-Orly, Daniel S. Kamin, Edward Krupat, Bernard Charlin, Nicolas Fernandez & Krisztina Fischer (2021): The Student-Generated Reasoning Tool (SGRT): Linking medical knowledge and clinical reasoning in preclinical education, Medical Teacher

Jaberi, M., Abi-Rafeh, J., Chocron, Y., Zammit, D., Al-Halabi, B., & Gilardino, M. S. (2021). SMaRT Assessment Tool: An Innovative Approach for Objective Assessment of Flap Designs. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery148(5), 837e-840e.

Lam Wai Shun, P., Swaine, B., & Bottari, C. (2021). Clinical reasoning underlying acute care occupational therapists’ assessment of rehabilitation potential after stroke or brain injury: A constructivist grounded theory study. Australian occupational therapy journal.

Leinster, S. J., Pereira, J. H., Down, S., & Simpson, A. D. (2021). Blended Learning in Healthcare Education. Medical Research Archives9(8).

Magin, P., Cooke, G., Tapley, A., Wearne, S., Holliday, E., Morgan, S., … & van Driel, M. (2021). General practice registrars’ clinical uncertainty, and in-consultation information-and assistance-seeking. Health Education in Practice: Journal of Research for Professional Learning4(1).

Mayfield, J. J., McKee, K. Y., Zier, L. S., & Kohlwes, R. J. (2021). Hearts and Minds: an Exercise in Clinical Reasoning. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 1-6.

Moffett, J., Hammond, J., Murphy, P., & Pawlikowska, T. (2021). The ubiquity of uncertainty: a scoping review on how undergraduate health professions’ students engage with uncertainty. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 1-46.

Moghadami, M., Amini, M., Moghadami, M., Dalal, B., & Charlin, B. (2021). Teaching clinical reasoning to undergraduate medical students by illness script method: a randomized controlled trial. BMC medical education21(1), 1-7.

Ong, K. Y., Ng, C. W., Tan, N. C., & Tan, K. Differential effects of team‐based learning on clinical reasoning. The Clinical Teacher.

Pelaccia, T., Forestier, G., & Wemmert, C. (2021). Intelligence in artificial intelligence (and its use).

Penner, J. C., Le, S., Shipley, L. C., Murdock, H. M., Minter, D. J., & Nematollahi, S. (2021). Morning Report Goes Virtual: Learner Experiences in a Virtual, Case-Based Diagnostic Reasoning Conference.

Piot, M. A., Köenig, M., Michelet, D., Loubière, C., Burn, C. L., Rethans, J. J., … & Falissard, B. (2021). Medical students’ learning processes the first time they role-play in psychiatry: A grounded theory study. L’Encéphale.

Rosby, L. V., Schmidt, H. G., Tan, G. J., Low-Beer, N., Mamede, S., Zwaan, L., & Rotgans, J. I. (2021). Promotion of knowledge transfer and retention in year 2 medical students using an online training exercise. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 1-16.

Salles, J., Birmes, P., Schmitt, L., Bastiani, B., Soto, M., Lafont-Rapnouil, S., … & Yrondi, A. (2021). Teaching emergency situations during a psychiatry residency programme using a blended learning approach: a pilot study. BMC Medical Education21(1), 1-9.

Södervik, I., & Vilppu, H. (2021). Case processing in the development of expertise in life sciences-what can eye movements reveal?. In Applying Bio-Measurements Methodologies in Science Education Research (pp. 169-183). Springer, Cham.

Tayce, J. D., & Saunders, A. B. (2021). The Use of a Modified Script Concordance Test in Clinical Rounds to Foster and Assess Clinical Reasoning Skills. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, e20210090.

Tedesco-Schneck, M. (2021). Script Concordance and the Think-Aloud Approach Through the Lens of Cognitive Apprenticeship Theory. Nurse educator46(6), E193-E197.

Vital, S., Wulfman, C., Girard, F., Tamimi, F., Charlin, B., & Ducret, M. (2021). Script concordance tests: A call for action in dental education. European Journal of Dental Education.

Vreugdenhil, J., Döpp, D., Custers, E. J., Reinders, M. E., Dobber, J., & Kusukar, R. A. (2021). Illness scripts in nursing: Directed content analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing.

Yassin, B. A., Almothaffar, A., Aladhadh, M., Hussein, M. F., Ghafour, Z. A., & Gorial, F. I. (2021). Studying Clinical Reasoning of Internal Medicine Residents in Medical City Campus Using Script Concordance Test. International Medical Journal28(3), 280-283.

Zagury-Orly, I., Kamin, D. S., Krupat, E., Charlin, B., Fernandez, N., & Fischer, K. (2021). The Student-Generated Reasoning Tool (SGRT): Linking medical knowledge and clinical reasoning in preclinical education. Medical Teacher, 1-9.


Alba‐Rojas, E. L., Morán‐Villaseñor, E., Campos‐Cabrera, B. L., Aguirre‐Martínez, I. L., Vega‐Rangel, R. V., Cazares‐Ramírez, E., … & García‐Romero, M. T. Diagnostic concordance between pediatric emergency department physicians and dermatologists in a tertiary hospital in Mexico. Pediatric Dermatology.

Blanié, A., Amorim, M. A., & Benhamou, D. (2020). Comparative value of a simulation by gaming and a traditional teaching method to improve clinical reasoning skills necessary to detect patient deterioration: a randomized study in nursing students. BMC Medical Education20(1), 1-11.

Boujoual, I., Mbarki, B., Bahlioui, R., & Andoh, A. (2020). L’apprentissage du raisonnement clinique en prothèse dentaire (Partie I: évaluation du raisonnement clinique chez les internes en Médecine dentaire). International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies31(3), 472-483.

Boshuizen, H. P., Gruber, H., & Strasser, J. (2020). Knowledge restructuring through case processing: The key to generalise expertise development theory across domains?. Educational Research Review, 100310.

Brinley Rajagopal, A., Sudario, G., Boysen Osborn, M., & Weiland, D. (2020). Family Game Show-style Didactic for Teaching Nervous System Disorders during Emergency Medicine Training. Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine5(2).

Chan, T. M., Mercuri, M., Turcotte, M., Gardiner, E., Sherbino, J., & de Wit, K. (2020). Making Decisions in the Era of the Clinical Decision Rule: How Emergency Physicians Use Clinical Decision Rules. Academic Medicine.

Choi, S., Oh, S., Lee, D. H., & Yoon, H. S. (2020). Effects of reflection and immediate feedback to improve clinical reasoning of medical students in the assessment of dermatologic conditions: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Medical Education20(1), 1-9.

Cogan, E., Maisonneuve, H., Leeman, M., Goffard, J. C., Michelet, E., & Audétat, M. C. (2020). Formalisation de la supervision de l’apprentissage du raisonnement clinique. La Revue de Médecine Interne.

Cooper, N., Bartlett, M., Gay, S., Hammond, A., Lillicrap, M., Matthan, J., … & UK Clinical Reasoning in Medical Education (CReME) consensus statement group. (2020). Consensus statement on the content of clinical reasoning curricula in undergraduate medical education. Medical Teacher, 1-8.

Corazza, G. R., Lenti, M. V., & Howdle, P. D. (2020). Diagnostic reasoning in internal medicine: a practical reappraisal. Internal and Emergency Medicine, 1-7.

Covin, Y., Longo, P., Wick, N., Gavinski, K., & Wagner, J. (2020). Empirical comparison of three assessment instruments of clinical reasoning capability in 230 medical students. BMC Medical Education20(1), 1-7.

Cowan, E., Lin, M. P., & Sielicki, A. Assessment of Emergency Medicine Residents’ Clinical Reasoning: Validation of a Script Concordance Test.

Deschênes, M. F., & Goudreau, J. (2020). L’apprentissage du raisonnement clinique infirmier dans le cadre d’un dispositif éducatif numérique basé sur la concordance de scripts. Pédagogie Médicale21(3), 143-157.

Deschênes, M. F., Pelletier, I., Tremblay, K., Charlin, B. (2020). La formation par concordance. Une nouvelle forme de compagnonnage cognitif pour développer le raisonnement chez les étudiants. Pédagogie collégiale. 33(2), 4-10.

Duca, N., Adams, N., Glod, S., & Haidet, P. (2020). Barriers to Learning Clinical Reasoning: a Qualitative Study of Medicine Clerkship Students. Medical Science Educator, 1-8.

Ganesan, Sivaraman, et al. « Consensus Analysis for the Panel Responses and the Psychometrics Properties in Script Concordance Testing. »

Gawad, N., Wood, T. J., Cowley, L., & Raiche, I. (2020). The cognitive process of test‐takers when using the script concordance test rating scale. Medical Education.

Geisler, P., & McKeon, P. Theme 2| Assessment technologies and methods.

KAUR, M., SINGLA, S., & MAHAJAN, R. (2020). Script Concordance Test in Pharmacology: Maiden experience from a Medical School in India. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism8(3), 115-120.

Koufidis, C., Manninen, K., Nieminen, J., Wohlin, M., & Silé, C. (2020). Grounding judgment in context: a conceptual learning model of clinical reasoning. Medical Education.

Koufidis, C., Manninen, K., Nieminen, J., Wohlin, M., & Silén, C. Unravelling the polyphony in clinical reasoning research in medical education. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

Lee, C., Hall, K., Anakin, M., & Pinnock, R. (2020). Towards a new understanding of uncertainty in medical education. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

Lessing, J. N., Rendón, P., Durning, S. J., & Roesch, J. J. (2020). Approaches to Clinical Reasoning Assessment. Academic Medicine.

Jackson, M., Descôteaux, A., Nicaise, L., Flora, L.Berkesse, A., Codsi, M., Karazivan, P., Dumez, V., Deschênes, MF. et Charlin, B. (2020). Former en ligne au recrutement de patients partenaires: l’apport des formations par concordance.  Pédagogie Médicale

Massart, V., Buret, L., Giet, D., Belche, J. L., & Dory, V. (2020). Séance d’apprentissage du raisonnement clinique (ARC) à distance. Pédagogie Médicale21(4), 223-226.

Mutter, M. K., Martindale, J. R., Shah, N., Gusic, M. E., & Wolf, S. J. (2020). Case-Based Teaching: Does the Addition of High-Fidelity Simulation Make a Difference in Medical Students’ Clinical Reasoning Skills?. Medical Science Educator, 1-7.

Ottolini, M. C., Chua, I., Campbell, J., Ottolini, M., & Goldman, E. (2020). Pediatric Hospitalists’ Performance and Perceptions of Script Concordance Testing for Self-Assessment. Academic Pediatrics.

Parsons, A. S., Wijesekera, T. P., & Rencic, J. J. (2020). The Management Script: A Practical Tool for Teaching Management Reasoning. Academic Medicine.

Pelaccia, T., Messman, A., & Kline, J. A. (2020). Misdiagnosis and failure to diagnose in emergency care: causes and empathy as a solution. Patient Education and Counseling.

Peyrony, O., Hutin, A., Truchot, J., Borie, R., Calvet, D., Albaladejo, A., … & Messika, J. (2020). Impact of panelists’ experience on script concordance test scores of medical students. BMC Medical Education20(1), 1-8.

Schuwirth, L. W., Durning, S. J., & King, S. M. (2020). Assessment of clinical reasoning: three evolutions of thought. Diagnosis.

Steinberg, E., Cowan, E., Lin, M. P., Sielicki, A., & Warrington, S. (2020). Assessment of Emergency Medicine Residents’ Clinical Reasoning: Validation of a Script Concordance Test. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health.

Torre, D., Durning, S. J., Rencic, J., Lang, V., Holmboe, E., & Daniel, M. Widening the lens on teaching and assessing clinical reasoning: from “in the head” to “out in the world”. Diagnosis.

Vital, S., Wulfman, C., Girard, F., Tamimi, F., Charlin, B., & Ducret, M. Script concordance tests: A call for action in dental education. European Journal of Dental Education.

Wan, M. S. H., Tor, E., & Hudson, J. N. (2020). Examining response process validity of script concordance testing: a think-aloud approach. Int J Med Educ11, 127-135.

YAZDANI, S., & HOSEINI ABARDEH, M. A. R. Y. A. M. (2020). A novel model of clinical reasoning: Cognitive zipper model. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism8(2), 61-71.

Young, M. E., Thomas, A., Lubarsky, S., Gordon, D., Gruppen, L. D., Rencic, J., … & Schuwirth, L. (2020). Mapping clinical reasoning literature across the health professions: a scoping review. BMC medical education20(1), 1-11.


Andrews, Mary A., MD, MPH; Kelly, William F., MD; DeZee, Kent J., MD, MPH. In Reply to Maholtz. Academic Medicine: February 2019 – Volume 94 – Issue 2 – p 153–154.

Bacchi, S., Tan, I., Chim, I., Dabarno, M., Lubarsky, S., & Duggan, P. (2019). Script concordance test examinations: Student perception and study approaches. Focus on Health Professional Education: A Multi-Professional Journal20(2), 75-87.

Bauer, E., Sailer, M., Kiesewetter, J., Schulz, C., Pfeiffer, J., Gurevych, I., … & Fischer, F. (2019, October). Using ENA to Analyze Pre-service Teachers’ Diagnostic Argumentations: A Conceptual Framework and Initial Applications. In International Conference on Quantitative Ethnography (pp. 14-25). Springer, Cham.

Chatterjee S, Desai S, Manesh R, Sun J, Nundy S, Wright SM (2019). Assessment of a Simulated Case-Based Measurement of Physician Diagnostic Performance. In JAMA Network Open. Vol. 2(1). 10 pages.

Chernikova, O., Heitzmann, N., Fink, M. C., Timothy, V., Seidel, T., & Fischer, F. (2019). Facilitating Diagnostic Competences in Higher Education—a Meta-Analysis in Medical and Teacher Education.

Chew & al. (2019). Perception of the usability and implementation of a metacognitive mnemonic to check cognitive errors in clinical setting. In BMC Medical Education, Vol. 19:18. 12 pages.

Cook, R. J., & Durning, S. J. (2019). Clinical Process Modeling: An Approach for Enhancing the Assessment of Physicians’ Clinical Reasoning. Academic Medicine94(9), 1317-1322.

Cook, D. A., Durning, S. J., Sherbino, J., & Gruppen, L. D. (2019). Management Reasoning: Implications for Health Professions Educators and a Research Agenda. Academic Medicine94(9), 1310-1316.

Daniel, M., Rencic, J., Durning, S. J., Holmboe, E., Santen, S. A., Lang, V., … & Estrada, C. A. (2019). Clinical Reasoning Assessment Methods: A Scoping Review and Practical Guidance. Academic Medicine94(6), 902-912.

Dhinsa, T. (2019)Diagnostic Reasoning Skills in Veterinary Students and Recent Veterinary Graduates (Doctoral dissertation).

Duca NS, Glod S. Bridging the Gap Between the Classroom and the Clerkship: A Clinical Reasoning Curriculum for Third-Year Medical Students. MedEdPORTAL. 2019;15:10800. Published 2019 Jan 25.

Germain L.J. (2019) A Practical Framework for Learner Assessment. In: Caruso Brown A., Hobart T., Morrow C. (eds) Bioethics, Public Health, and the Social Sciences for the Medical Professions. Springer, Cham

Gold, J. M., Collazo, R. A., Athauda, G., Obeso, V. T., & Toonkel, R. L. (2019). Taking CBL to the Lecture Hall: a Comparison of Outcomes Between Traditional Small Group CBL and a Novel Large Group Team-Based CBL Teaching Method. Medical Science Educator, 1-7.

Gupta, M., Potter, N. and Goyer, S. Diagnostic Reasoning in Psychiatry:Acknowledging an Explicit Role for Intersubjective Knowing. Johns Hopkins University Press, Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, Volume 26, Number 1, March 2019.

Homberg, A., Oberhauser, H., & Kaap-Fröhlich, S. (2019). Clinical reasoning–an approach for decision-making in education and training for biomedical scientists. GMS Journal for Medical Education36(6).

Ilgen, J. S., Humbert, A. J., Kuhn, G., Hansen, M. L., Norman, G. R., Eva, K. W., … & Sherbino, J. (2012). Assessing diagnostic reasoning: a consensus statement summarizing theory, practice, and future needs. Academic Emergency Medicine19(12), 1454-1461.

Klein, M., Otto, B., Fischer, M.R. & al. (2019). Fostering medical students’ clinical reasoning by learning from errors in clinical case vignettes: effects and conditions of additional prompting procedures to foster self-explanations. In Advances in Health Sciences Education, pp. 1-21.

Kumar, D., Rajprasath, R., & Murugan, M. (2019). Integrating clinical reasoning principles in case-based learning sessions for first-year medical students: Lessons learned. Research and Development in Medical Education8(1), 20-23.

Lally L, McCarthy G, Flaherty G. Diagnostic Reasoning as a Medium for Promoting Patient Safety. Journal of Patient Safety and Quality Improvement. 2019; 7(2).

Lineberry, M., Hornos, E., Pleguezuelos, E., Mella, J., Brailovsky, C., & Bordage, G. Experts’ responses in script concordance tests: a response process validity investigation. In Medical Education, 2019, 13 pages.

McDevitt, A., Rapport, M. J., Jensen, G., & Furze, J. (2019). Utilization of the Clinical Reasoning Assessment Tool Across a Physical Therapy Curriculum: Application for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment. Journal of Physical Therapy Education33(4), 335-342.

Meredith Young, Aliki Thomas, David Gordon, Larry Gruppen, Stuart Lubarsky, Joseph Rencic, Tiffany Ballard, Eric Holmboe, Ana Da Silva, Temple Ratcliffe, Lambert Schuwirth & Steven J. Durning (2019) The terminology of clinical reasoning in health professions education: Implications and considerations,Medical Teacher, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1635686

Monteiro, S. D., Sherbino, J., Schmidt, H., Mamede, S., Ilgen, J., & Norman, G. (2019). It’s the destination: diagnostic accuracy and reasoning. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 1-11.

Otterman, N. M., Maas, M., Schiemanck, S. K., Van Der Wees, P. J., & Kwakkel, G. (2019). Development and Validity of an Innovative Test to Assess Guideline-Consistent Clinical Reasoning by Physical Therapists in Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of rehabilitation medicine51(6), 418-425.

Pau, A., Thangarajoo, S., Samuel, V.P. et al. Development and Validation of a Script Concordance Test (SCT) to Evaluate Ethical Reasoning Ability Among First and Fifth Year Students in a Medical School. In Journal of Academic Ethics, 2019, pp 1–12.

Pelaccia, T., Plotnick, L. H., Audétat, M. C., Nendaz, M., Lubarsky, S., Torabi, N., … & Dory, V. (2019). A Scoping Review of Physicians’ Clinical Reasoning in Emergency Departments. Annals of emergency medicine.

Phan, S. V. (2019). Evaluation of the use of script concordance test in a multicampus psychiatric pharmacy elective course. Mental Health Clinician9(5), 304-308.

Pinnock, R., McDonald, J., Ritchie, D., & Durning, S. J. (2019). Humans and machines: Moving towards a more symbiotic approach to learning clinical reasoning. Medical teacher, 1-6.

Radkowitsch, A., Fischer, MR., Schmidmaier, R., Fischer, F.  Learning to Diagnose Together: Validating a Simulation-Based Learning Environment for Medical Students.  Chair of Education and Educational Psychology.  University of Munich

Shimozono, H., Takahashi, M., Tomita, M., Takada, K., & Tanaka, Y. (2019). “The 2-Dimensional Approach”: a novel tool to help learners organize their knowledge and improve their clinical reasoning skills. MedEdPublish8.

Šilar, J., Polák, D., Mládek, A., Ježek, F., Kurtz, T. W., DiCarlo, S. E., … & Kofranek, J. (2019). Development of In-Browser Simulators for Medical Education: Introduction of a Novel Software Toolchain. Journal of medical Internet research21(7), e14160.

Sutherland, R. M., Reid, K. J., Chiavaroli, N. G., Smallwood, D., & McColl, G. J. (2019). Assessing Diagnostic Reasoning Using a Standardized Case-Based Discussion. Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development6, 2382120519849411.

Tedesco-Schneck, M. (2019). Use of Script Concordance Activity With the Think-Aloud Approach to Foster Clinical Reasoning in Nursing Students. Nurse educator44(5), 275-277.

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Wilson A, Pike G, Humbert A. Testing for Multilevel Dimensionality: A Higher-Order Factor Analysis of a Script Concordance Test. Medical Science Educators. 2015;25(4):439-446.

Yarris L, Juve A, Coates W et al. Critical Appraisal of Emergency Medicine Education Research: The Best Publications of 2014. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 2015.


Ahmadi SF, Khoshkish S, Soltani-Arabshahi K et al. Challenging script concordance test reference standard by evidence: do judgments by emergency medicine consultants agree with likelihood ratios? International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014, 7:34.

Balasooriya C, Rhee J, Shulruf B et al. Evaluating the Guideline Enhancement Tool (GET): an innovative clinical training tool to enhance the use of hypertension guidelines in general practice. BMC Medical Education 2014, 14:1046.

Berkowitz R, D’Alton M, Goldberg J et al. The case for an electronic fetal heart rate monitoring credentialing examination. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2014, 210 : 204–207

Berkowitz R , D’Alton M, Goldberg J et al. Reply : The case for an Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring Credentialing Examination. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology;  2014, 210 : 592.

Bissinger R, Engelhard G. Letter to the Editor : The case for an electronic fetal heart rate monitoring credentialing examination. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2014, 210 : 591–592.

Boulouffe C, Doucet B, Muschart X, Charlin B, Vanpee D. Assessing clinical reasoning using a script concordance test with electrocardiogram in an emergency medicine clerkship rotation. Emergency Medicine Journal 2014;31:313-316.

Claessens YE, Wannepain S, Gestin S, Magdelein X, Ferretti E, Guilly, Charlin B, Pelaccia T. How emergency physicians use biomarkers: insights from a qualitative assessment of script concordance tests. Emergency Medicine Journal 2014;31:238-241.

Côté S, Tanguay A, Gagnon R, et al. Élaboration et validation d’un test de concordance de script pour évaluer le raisonnement clinique des infirmières en contexte de détérioration de la condition clinique. Pédagogie Médicale 2014; 15 (1): 7–20.

Dory V, Charlin B, Vanpee D et al. Multifaceted Assessment in a Family Medicine Clerkship: A Pilot Study. Family Medicine 2014; 46 (10) : 755-60

Foucault A, Dubé S, Fernandez N et al. The Concordance of Judgment Learning Tool. Medical Education 2014; 48 : 541-42.

Guerrasio J, Aagaard E. Methods and Outcomes for the Remediation of Clinical Reasoning. J Gen Intern Med 2014; 29 (12):1607–14.

Lubarsky S, Durning S, Charlin B. The Script Concordance Test: A tool for assessing clinical data interpretation under conditions of uncertainty. Academic Medicine 2014;89(7):1089.

Pelaccia T, Tardif, J, Triby, E, et al. How and When Do Expert Emergency Physicians Generate and Evaluate Diagnostic Hypotheses? American College of Emergency Physicians. Ann Emerg Med 2014; 64:575-585.

See, K, Tan, K, Lim, TThe script concordance test for clinical reasoning: re-examining its utility and potential weakness. Med Educ, 2014;48(11):1069-1077.

Tan, K, Tan, N, Kandiah, N, Samarasekera, D, Ponnamperuma, G. Validating a script concordance test for assessing neurological localization and emergencies. European Journal of Neurology, 2014;21(11):1419-1422.

Wears, R. Diagnosing Diagnosis. Ann Emerg Med. 2014;64:586-587.

Wilson, A, Pike, G, Humbert, A. Analyzing Script Concordance Test Scoring. Methods and Items by Difficulty and Type. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 2014; 26 : 135-145.


Audétat MC, Laurin S, Sanche G, et al. Clinical reasoning difficulties : A taxonomy for clinical teachers. Medical Teacher, 2013;35(3):e984-9.

Gantelet M, Demeester A, Pauly V, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Impact du panel de référence sur les qualités psychométriques d’un test de concordance de script développé en formation initiale des sages-femmes. Pédagogie médicale 2013;14(3):157-168.

Giet D, Massart V, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Le test de concordance de script en 20 questions. Pédagogie médicale 2013 ;14(1):39-48.

Hornos EH, Pleguezuelos M, Brailovsky CA,  Harillo LD, Dory V, Charlin B. (2013) The practicum script concordance test : An online continuing professional development format to foster reflection on clinical practice. Journal of continuing education in the health professions, 33(1):59-66.

Esteves J, Bennison M, Thomson O. Script concordance test: Insights from the literature and early stages of its implementation in osteopathy. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2013;16:231-239.

Lineberry M, Kreiter CD, Bordage G. Threats to validity in the use and interpretation of script concordance test scores. Medical Education, 2013;47:1175–1183.

Lubarsky S, Dory V, Duggan P, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Script concordance testing: From theory to practice: AMEE Guide No.75. Medical Teacher, 2013;35(3):184-193.

Lubrasky S, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Scoring the Script Concordance Test: not a black and white issue. Medical Education, 2013;47:1152–1161.

Mathieu S, Couderc M, Glace B et al. Construction and utilization of a script concordance test as an assessment tool for dcem3 (5th year) medical students in rheumatology. BMC Medical Education 2013; 13:166.

Pleguezuelos E, Hornos E, Dory V et al. Script concordance testing in continuing professional development: local or international reference panels? Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract, 2013;18(4):779-85.

Petrucci AM, Nouh T, Boutros M, Gagnon R, Meterissian SH. Assessing clinical judgment using the Scirpt Concordance test : the importance of using specialty-specific experts to develop the scoring key. The American Journal of Surgery, 2013;205:137-140.

Russell J. Critical synthesis package: Script concordance testing (sct). Mededportal publications; 2013.


Charlin B, Lubarsky S, Millette B et al. Clinical reasoning processes: unravelling complexity through graphical representation. Medical Education, 2012;46:454-463.

Dawson T.E. Can Script Concordance Testing be Utilized in Nursing Education to Accurately Assess Clinical Reasoning Skills? Master Thesis, Western Carolina University June 2012, 98 pages.

Dory V, Gagnon R, Vanpee D et al. How to construct and implement script concordance tests : insights from a systematic review. Medical Education, 2012;46:552-563.

Duggan P, Charlin B. Summative assessment of 5th year medical students’ clinical reasoning by script concordance test: requirements and challenges. BMC Med Educ, 2012;12:29.

Goldie J.. Assessment of professionalism: A consolidation of current thinking. Medical Teacher, 2013;35:2, e952-e956.

Journeau S, Luraine R, Desrues B. Intérêt des tests de concordance de script pour les évaluer le raisonnement et l’organisation des connaissances des étudiants de quatrième année des études médicales en France. Pédagogie Médicale, 2012;13(4):225-232.

Kelly W, Durning S, Denton G. Comparing a script concordance examination to a multiple-choice examination on a core internat medicine clerkship. Teach Learn Med, 2012;24(3):187-193.

Linn, Andrew M.J., Tonkin, Anne & Duggan, Paul. Standard setting of script concordance tests using an adapted Nedelsky approach, Medical Teacher, 2012, 35:4, 314-319

Nouh T, Boutros M, Reid S et al. The script concordance test as a measure of clinical reasoning: a national validation study. The American Journal of Surgery, 2012;203:530-534.

Kreiter C. Commentary: The response process validity of a script concordance test item. Adv in Health Sci Educ 2012;17:7–9.

Le Loët X, Lequerré T, Cantagrel A, Sibert L. Mise en oeuvre, en situation professionnelle, des recommandations de la HAS, par la méthode du test de concordance de script combinée à l’analyse actualisée de la littérature. Revue du Rhumatisme, 2012;79(3):228-233.

Marie-Ève Latreille. Évaluation du raisonnement clinique d’étudiantes et d’infirmières dans le domaine de la pédiatrie, à l’aide d’un test de concordance de script. Thèse postdoctorale, Université d’Ottawa, 2012, 45 pages.

Lubarsky S, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Script concordance test item response process: The argument for probability versus typicality. Adv in Health Sci Educ, 2012;17:11–13.

Piovezan R, Custodia O, Cendoroglo M et al. Assessment of undergraduation clinical reasoning in geriatric medecine : application of a script concordance test. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2012;60:1946-1950.

Van Bruggen L, Manrique-van Woudenbergh M, Spierenburg E et al. Preferred question types for computer-based assessment of clinical reasoning: a literature study. Perspect Med Educ, 2012;1:162–171.

Van den Broek S, van Asperen M, Custers E et al. Effects of two different instructional formats on scores and reliability of a script concordance test. Perspect Med Educ (2012) 1:119–128.


Amini M, Moghadami M, Javad Kojuri J et al. An innovative method to assess clinical reasoning skills: Clinical reasoning tests in the second national medical science Olympiad in Iran. BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:41. BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:418.

Bursztejn AC, Cuny JF, Adam JL, Sido L, Schmutz JL, de Korwin JD, Latarche C, Braun M, Barbaud A. Usefulness  of the script concordance test in dermatology. JEADV, 2011;25 :1471-1475.

Caire F, Marin B et Cuny E. Utilisation du test de concordance de script au cours du deuxième cycle des études médicales : expérience dans l’enseignement de la neurochirurgie. Pédagogie médicale, 2011;12(1):29-36.

Deschênes MF, Charlin B, Gagnon R, Goudreau J. Use of a script concordance test to assess development of clinical reasoning in nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 2011;50(7):381-7.

Gagnon R, Lubarsky S, Lambert C, Charlin B. Optimization of answer keys for script concordance testing: Should we exclude deviant respondents, deviant responses, or neither? Adv Health Sci Educ, 2011;16(5):601-8.

Humbert AJ, Besinger B, Miech EJ. Assessing clinical reasoning skills in scenarios of uncertainty: convergent validity for a script concordance test in an emergency medicine clerkship ans residency. Acad Emerg Med, 2011;18(6):627-34.

Humbert A, Johson M, Miech E, Friedberg F, Grackin J, Seidman PA. Assessment of clinical reasoning: A Script Concordance test designed for pre-clinical medical students. Medical Teacher, 2011;33:472-477.

Kania R, Verillaud B, Tran H, Gagnon R, Kazitani D, Tran Ba Huy P, Herman P, Charlin B. Online Script Concordance Test for Clinical Reasoning Assessment in Otorhinolaryngology: The Association Between Performance and Clinical Experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2011;137(8):751-755.

Lubarsky S, Charlin B, Cook DA, Chalk C, van der Vleuten C. Script concordance testing: a review of published validity evidence. Med Educ, 2011;45:329-338.

Lurie S. Towards greater clarity in the role of ambiguity in clinical reasoning. Medical Education, 2011;45:326-328.

Monnier P, Bedard MJ, Gagnon R, Charlin B. The relationship between script concordance test scores in an obstetrics-gynecology rotation and global performance assessments in the curriculum. International Journal of Medical Education, 2011;2:3-6.

Pelaccia T, Tardif J, Truby E, Charlin B. An analysis of clinical reasoning through a recent and comprehensive approach: the dual-process theory. Medical Education Online, 2011;16:5890.

Pelaccia T, Tardif J, Triby R, Ammirati C, Bertrand C, Charlin B. Comment les médecins raisonnent-ils pour poser des diagnostics et prendre des décisions thérapeutiques? Les enjeux en médecine d’urgence. Ann. Fr. Med. Urgence, 2011;1:77-84.

Reed W, Debra K, et al. Tracking Development of Clinical Reasoning Ability Across Five Medical Schools Using a Progress Test. Academic medicine, 2011;86(9):1148-54.


Boulouffe C, Charlin B, Vanpee D. Evaluation of Clinical Reasoning in Basic Emergencies Using a Script Concordance Test. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2010;74(10):Article 194.

Charlin B, Gagnon R, Lubarsky S, Lambert C, Meterissian S, Chalk C, Goudreaut J, van der Vleuten C. Assessment in the context of uncertaintly using the script concordance test: More meaning for scores. Teaching and Learning in Medecine, 2010;22(3):180-186.

Goulet F, Jacques A, Gagnon R, Charlin B, Shabah A. Poorly performing physicians: does the Script Concordance Test detect bad clinical reasoning? J Contin Educ Health Prof, 2010;30(3):161-6.

Lee A, Joynt G, Lee A, Ho A, Groves M, Vlantis A, Ma R, Fung C, Aun C. Using Illness Scripts to Teach Clinical Reasoning Skills to Medical Students. Fam Med, 2010;42(4):255-61.

Lemay JF, Donnon T, Charlin B. The reliability and validity of a paediatric script concordance test with medical students, paediatric residents and experienced paediatricians. CMEJ 2010;1(2):e89-e95.

Palmer E, Duggan P, Devitt P, Russell R. The modified essay question: Its exit from the exit examination? Medical Teacher, 2010;32:e300-e307.

Park AJ, Barber MD, Bent AE, Dooley YT, Dancz C, Sutkin G, Jelovsek JE. Assessment of intraoperative judgement during gynecologic surgery using the Script Concordance Test. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010;203:240.e1-6.

Ramaekers S, Kremer W, Pilot A, van Beukelen P, van Keulen H. Assessment of competence in clinical reasoning and decision-making under uncertainty: the script concordance test method. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2010;35(6):661-673.

Ross PT, Uijtdehaage S, Lypson ML. Reflections on culture: views on script concordance testing. Med Educ, 2010;44(5):505-506.

Ruiz J, Tunuguntla R, Charlin B, Ouslander J, Symes S, Gagnon R, Phancao F and Roos B. The Script Concordance Test as a Measure Clinical Reasoning Skills in Geriatric Urinary Incontinence. J Am Geriatr Soc, 2010;58:2178-2184.


Brownell AKW. Editorial: The script concordance test. Can. J. Neurol. Sci., 2009;36:272-273.

Carrière B, Gagnon R, Charlin B, Downing S, Bordage G. Assessing Clinical Reasoning in Pediatric Medicine: Validity Evidence for a Script Concordance Test. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2009;53(5):647-652.

Cohen LJ, Fitzgerald SG, Lane S, Boninger ML, Minkel J, McCue M. Validation of the Seating and Mobility Script Concordance Test. Assistive Technology, 2009;21(1):47-56.

Collard A, Gelaes S, Vanbelle S, Bredard S, Defraigne J, Boniver J, Bourguignon JP. Reasoning versus knowledge retention and ascertainment throughout a problem-based learning curriculum. Medical Education, 2009;43:854–865.

Joly L, Braun M, Benetos A. Apprentissage du raisonnement clinique et test de concordance de script en gériatrie : intérêt dans la formation en stage des étudiants hospitaliers. Revue de médecine interne, 2009;30:S77-S151.

Kreiter C, Bergus G. The validity of performance-based measures of clinical reasoning and alternative approaches. Medical Education, 2009;43:320–325.

Lambert C, Gagnon R, Nguyen D, Charlin B. The script concordance test in radiation oncology: validation study of a new tool to assess clinical reasoning. Radiation Oncology, 2009;9(4):7.

Lubarsky S, Charlk C, Kazitani D, Gagnon R, Charlin B. The script concordance test: A new tool assessing clinical judgement in neurology. Can. J. Neurol. Sci., 2009;36:326-331.

Sibert L, Giorgi R, Dahamna B, Doucet J, Charlin B, Darmoni SJ. Is a web-based concordance test feasible to assess therapeutic decision-making skills in a French context? Medical Teacher, 2009;31(4):e162-8.


John W Devlin, Francois Marquis, Richard R Riker, Tracey Robbins, Erik Garpestad, Jeffrey J Fong, Dorothy Didomenico and Yoanna Skrobik. Combined didactic and scenario-based education improves the ability of intensive care unit staff to recognize delirium at the bedside. Critical Care, 2008, 12: pp 1-6.

Devlin J, Marquis F, Riker R, Robbins T, Garpestad E, Fong J, Didomenico D, Skrobik Y. Combined didactic and scenario-based education improves the ability of intensive care unit staff to recognize delirium at the bedside. Critical Care, 2008;12:R19.

Fournier JP, Demeester A, Charlin B. Script Concordance Tests: Guidelines for Construction. BMC Medical informations and Decision Making, 2008;8:18.

Gagnon R, Charlin B, Lambert C, Carrière B, der Vleuten V. Script Concordance Testing: More Cases or More Questions? Adv in Health Sci Educ., 2008;14(13):1382-4996.

Gibot S, Bollaert PE. Le test de concordance de script comme outil d’évaluation formative en réanimation médicale. Pédagogie Médicale, 2008;9:7-18.

Kalamarides M, Caire F, Dauger F, Brassier G, Moreau JJ. Création d’outils d’autoévaluation pour une formation médicale continue en ligne. Modélisation à propos d’une formation. Neurochirurgie, 2008;54:21-27.

Reed GW, Debra LK, Hoffman R. Medical Student Acquisition of Clinical Working Knowledge. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2008;20(1):5-10.

Scott CS. Developmental Approach to Evaluating Competence in Clinical Reasoning. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 2008;35(3):375-381.

Serratrice J, Bourgeois M, Thirion X, Pauli V, Benyamine A, Enéa N,Weiller PJ, Disdier P. Utilisation du test de concordance de script comme indicateur de suivi des pratiques professionnelles : application au thème des maladies systémiques vues par le médecin généraliste et l’interniste. Revue de médecine interne, 2008;29S:S315.

Turnwald G, Stone E, Bristol D, Fuentealda C, Hardie L, Hellyer P, Jaeger L, Kerwin S, Kochevar D, Lissemore K, Olsen C, Rogers K, Sabin B, Swanson C, Warner A. Assessing clinical Competency: Reports from discussion groups. JVME, 2008;35(3):343-353.


Charlin B, Boshuizen HPA, Custers EJFM, Feltovich PJ. Scripts and clinical reasoning. Medical Education, 2007;41:1178-1184.

Charlin B, Gagnon R, Sauvé É, Coletti M. Composition of the panel of reference for concordance tests: Do teaching functions have an impact on examinees’ ranks and absolute scores? Medical Teacher, 2007;29(1): 49-53.

Meterissian S, Zabolotny B, Gagnon R, Charlin B. Is the script concordance test a valid instrument for assessment of intraoperative decision-making skills? The American Journal of Surgery, 2007;193:248–251.

Petrella R, Davis P. Improving management of musculoskeletal disorders in primary care: the Joint Adventures Program. Clin Rheumatol, 2007;26:1061-1066.


Bertahud V, Garcelon N, Marin F, Belhadj I, Burgun A, Duvauferrier R. Towards a Specialized Knowledge Base in Medicine: The BIKINI (Blomedical, Knowledge Network) Project. MIE 2006, Maastrich, NL.

Charlin B. Évaluer la dimension d’incertitude du raisonnement clinique, Assessing the uncertainty component of clinical reasoning. Pédagogie médicale, 2006;7(1):5-6.

Charlin B, Gagnon R, Kazi-Tani D, Thivierge R. Le test concordance comme outil d’évaluation en ligne du raisonnement des professionnels en situation d’incertitude. Revue internationale des technologies en pédagogie universitaire, 2006;2(1):22-27.

Charlin B, Gagnon R, Pelletier J, Coletti M, Abi-Rizk G, Nazr C, Sauvé É, Van der Vleuten C. Assessment of clinical reasoning in the context of uncertainty: the effect of variability within the reference panel. Medical Education, 2006;40:848-854.

Fournier JP, Thiercelin D, Pulcini C, AlunniI-Perret V, Gilbert E, Minguet JM, Bertrand F. Évaluation du raisonnement clinique en médecine d’urgence : les tests de concordance des scripts décèlent mieux l’expérience clinique que les questions à choix multiples à contexte riche. Pédagogie Médicale, 2006;7:20-30.

Gagnon R, Charlin B, Roy L, St-Martin M, Sauvé É, Boshuizen H, Van der Vleuten C. The Cognitive Validity of the Script Concordance Test: A Processing Time Study. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2006;18(1):22–27.

Hamdy H, Prasad K, Anderson MB, et al. BEME systematic review: Predictive values of measurements obtained in medical schools and future performance in medical practice. Medical Teacher, 2006;28:103-116.

Khonputsa P, Besinque K, Fisher D, et al. Use of script concordance test to assess pharmaceutical diabetic care: a pilot study in Thailand. Medical Teacher, 2006;28(6):570-573.

Lebeau J, Pagonis D. Le test de concordance de script (TCS): comment évaluer le raisonnement médical en situation d’incertitude? Revue de stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale, 2006;107:327-329.

Meterissian S. A novel method of assessing clinical reasoning in surgical residents. Surgical Innovation, 2006;13:115-119.

Pintz, C. Assessment of Diagnostic Reasoning with Standardized Patients: Testing the Reliability and Validity of the Diagnostic Reasoning Assessment. PhD Thesis, University of Maryland, 2006, 130 pages.

Sibert L, Darmoni S, Dahamna B, Hellot MF, Weber J, Charlin B. On line clinical reasoning assessment with Script Concordance test in urology; results of a French pilot study. BMC Medical Education, 2006;6:45.


Bertaud V, Lasbleiz J, Duvauferrier R, Garcelon N, Burgun A. Construction d’une base de connaissance biomédicale utilisant la méthode des scripts. Communication présentée au Collège National des Enseignants Odontologistes en Santé Publique, Toulouse, France, mai 2005.

Bland A, Gordon J, Kreiter C. Uncertainty about Uncertainty: Réponses à l’éditeur concernant l’article de Bland. Academic Medecine, 2005.

Bland A, Kreiter C, Gordon J. The Psychometric Properties of Five Scoring Methods Applied to the Script Concordance Test. Academic Medicine, 2005;80:395-399.

Charlin B. Resoning in the context of uncertainty. Academic Medecine, 2005.

Cohen L, Fitzgerald S, Lane S, Boninger M. Development of the Seathing and Mobility Script Concordance Test for Spinal Cord Injury: Obtaining Content Validity Evidence. Asst Technol, 2005;7:122-132.

Gagnon R, Charlin B, Coletti M, Sauvé E, Van der Vleuten C. Assessment in context of uncertainty: How many members are needed on the panel of reference of a script concordance test? Medical Education, 2005;39:204-291.

Lambert C. Le test de concordance de scripts : un outil pour évaluer le raisonnement clinique des résidents en radio-oncologie. Mémoire de maîtrise, 2005; Département de psychopédagogie et d’andragogie, Faculté des études supérieures, Université de Montréal.

Marie I, Sibert L, Roussel F, Hellot MF, Lechevallier J, Weber J. Le test de concordance de script : un nouvel outil d’évaluation du raisonnement et de la compétence clinique en médecine interne? Revue de médecine interne, 2005;26:501-507.

Nendaz M, Charlin B, Leblanc V, Bordage G. Le raisonnement clinique: données issues de la recherche et implications pour l’enseignement. Pédagogie médicale, 2005;6:235-254.

Sibert L, Darmoni SJ, Dahamna B, Weber J, Charlin B. Online clinical reasoning assessment with the Script Concordance test: a feasibility study. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 2005;5(18).


Brazeau-Lamontagne L., Charlin B, Gagnon R, Samson L, Van der Vleuten C. Measurement of perception and interpretation skills along radiology training: utility of the script concordance approach. Medical Teacher, 2004;26:326-332.

Caire F, Sol JC, Charlin B, Isidori P, Moreau JJ. Le test de concordance de script (TCS) comme outil d’évaluation formative des internes en neurochirurgie : implantation du test sur Internet à l’échelle nationale. Pédagogie médicale, 2004;5:87-94.

Caire F, Sol JC, Moreau JJ, Isidori P, Charlin B. Auto-évaluation des internes en neurochirurgie par tests de concordance de script (TCS), processus d’élaboration des tests. Neurochirurgie, 2004;50:66-72.

Charlin B, Van der Vleuten C. Standardized assessment in context of uncertainty: The script concordance approach. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 2004;27:304-319.

Demeester A. Évaluation du raisonnement clinique des étudiants sages-femmes par le test de concordance de script. Mémoire de maîtrise universitaire de pédagogie des sciences de la santé, 2004; Université Paris 13.

Epstein RM, Dannefer EF, Nofziger AC, et al. Comprehensive assessment of professional competence: The Rochester experiment. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2004;16(2):186-196.

Holloway R, Nesbit K, Bordley D, et al. Teaching and evaluating first and second year medical students’ practice of evidence-based medicine. Medical Education, 2004;38(8):868-878.


Braithwaite D, Emery J, de Lusignan S, Sutton S. Using the Internet to conduct surveys ofhealth professionals: a valid alternative? Family Practice, 2003;20:545-551.

Charlin B, Bordage G, Van der Vleuten C. L’évaluation du raisonnement clinique. Pédagogie Médicale, 2003;4:42-51.

Cohen LJ, Fitzgerald S, Lane S, Boninger M. The Development and Validation of the Seating and Mobility Script Concordance Test (SMSCT). Thesis in Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, 2003; University of Pittsburgh.

Houssaini TS, Bono W, Tachfouti N, Maillard D. Pertinence d’un test de concordance de script dans l’évaluation des compétences en Néphrologie des étudiants du deuxième cycle de la faculté de Médecine de Fès. Les Annales Méd Thérapeutique, 2003;1(1):4-10.

Labelle M, Gagnon R, Thivierge RL, Laprise R, Ste-Marie LG, Charlin B. Formation continue en petits groupes sur l’ostéoporose : comparaison d’un atelier basé sur le test de concordance de scripts (TCS) et d’un atelier classique. Pédagogie Médicale, 2003;4:145-153.

Llorcas G. Évaluation de résolution de problèmes mal définis en éthique clinique : variation des scores selon les méthodes de correction et les caractéristiques des jurys. Pédagogie Médicale, 2003;4:26-32.


Charlin B, Desaulniers M, Gagnon R, Blouin D, Van der Vleuten C. Comparison of an aggregate scoring method with a consensus scoring method in a measure of clinical reasoning capacity. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2002;14:150-156.

Charlin B, Gagnon R, Sibert L, Van der Vleuten C. Le test de concordance de script : un instrument d’évaluation du raisonnement clinique. Pédagogie Médicale, 2002;3:135-144.

Charlin B, St-Jean M. Le test de concordance de script : un outil pour évaluer le jugement en médecine. Bulletin du CÉFES, Université de Montréal, 2002;6.

Eysenbach G, Wyatt J. Using the Internet for surveys and health research. J Med Internet Res, 2002;4:E13.

Sibert L, Charlin B, Corcos J, Gagnon R, Grise P, van der Vleuten C. Stability of clinical reasoning assessment results with the script concordance test across two different linguistic, cultural and learning environments. Medical Teacher, 2002;24:522-527.

Sibert L, Charlin B, Corcos J, Lechevallier J, Grise P. Assessment of clinical reasoning competence in Urology with the script concordance test: An exploratory study on two sites from different countries. European Urology, 2002;41:227-233.


Brailovsky C, Charlin B, Beausoleil S, Coté S, Van der Vleuten, C. Measurement of Clinical Reflective Capacity Early in Training as a Predictor of Clinical Reasoning Performance at the End of Residency: An Exploratory Study on the Script Concordance Test. Medical Education, 2001;35:430-436.

Sibert L, Charlin B, Corcos J, Gagnon R, Khalaf A, Grise P. Évaluation du raisonnement clinique en urologie : l’apport du test de concordance de script. Progrès en Urologie, 2001;11:1213-1219.

Winslade N. A system to Assess the Achievement of Doctor of Pharmacy Students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 2001;65:363-392.


Charlin B, Roy L, Brailovsky C, Goulet F, Van der Vleuten C. The Script Concordance Test, a Tool to Assess the Reflective Clinician. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2000;12:189-195.

Charlin B, Tardif J, Boshuizen HPA. Scripts and Medical Diagnostic Knowledge: Theory and Applications for Clinical Reasoning Instruction and Research. Academic Medicine, 2000;75:182-190.


Charlin B, Brailovsky CA, Brazeau-Lamontagne L, Samson L, Leduc C. Script Questionnaires: Their Use for Assessment of Diagnostic Knowledge in Radiology. Medical Teacher, 1998;20:567-571.

Charlin B, Brailovsky CA, Leduc C, Blouin D. The Diagnostic Script Questionnaire: A New Tool to Assess a Specific Dimension of Clinical Competence. Advances in Heath Sciences Education, 1998;3:51-58.


Sibert L, Grand’Maison P, Charlin B, Grise P. Evaluation of clinical competence in urology: innovative approach based on performance observation. Prog Urol, 1997;7(4):581–589.


Mise à jour : 20 juillet 2023